Metacnemis valida (Hagen in Selys, 1863)
Type locality: Cape Province, South Africa
For the identification of this species, please refer to: Tarboton, W. & Tarboton, M. 2015. A guide to the dragonflies (Odonata) of South Africa. Cape Town: Random House Struik.
Rivers and streams in open landscapes, but sometimes shaded by gallery forest. Usually with rocks and probably often submerged roots and/or dead trunks or branches. Inferred to occur from 0 to 1400 m above sea level.
Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.
- de Sélys-Longchamps, E. (1862). Synopsis des AGRIONINES. 3e légion: Podagrion. Bulletin Academie royale Belgique Serie, 2 14, 5-44.
- Ris, F. (1921). The Odonata or Dragonflies of South Africa. Annals South African Museum, XVIII, 245-452. [PDF file]
Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. http://addo.adu.org.za/ [2021-10-28].